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At the time of writing this note, the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected a number of EU Member States. In addition to the severe impact…
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The decline in European public equity markets has sparked concern from policymakers about how to revive listings. Behind this overall declining trend, there is a notable variation between financial centres.…

RFR methodology for PR24

In response to Ofwat’s proposed a methodology for estimating the risk-free rate (RFR) for PR24, this report presents an alternative methodology that is rigorous and aligned with previous decisions made by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) in its redetermination for the PR19 price control. The report first reviews the… Read More

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A robust approach to determining the dynamic efficiency parameter for Dutch gas and electricity TSOs

Last year, ACM commissioned Oxera to conduct a study on dynamic efficiency for Dutch transmission system operators (TSOs). The objective of the study was to advise on the scope of productivity improvement that an efficient TSO could achieve over a regulatory period due to technological improvement (also referred to as ‘frontier shift’) or cheaper inputs. In particular, the aim of the analysis was to produce productivity growth estimates using Total Factor Productivity (TFP) and Output Price Index (OPI) measures, to be applied over the regulatory period starting in 2017 for TenneT (the electricity transmission operator) and Gasunie Transport Services (GTS) (the gas transmission operator). Read More

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