Portrait of Dr Timo Klein

Dr Timo Klein : Senior Consultant

Timo is a member of Oxera’s Competition and Analytics teams. He specialises in the use of theoretical and quantitative tools in the context of competition policy cases. Timo has experience related to damage estimation, cartel investigations, merger control, and abuse of dominance allegations across a wide range of sectors including digital services, financial services, telecoms, pharmaceuticals, and retail. Prior to joining Oxera, he worked in the Chief Economist Team at the European Commission’s DG Competition.

Alongside his role as consultant, Timo is a Lecturer in Competition Economics at Utrecht University School of Economics and School of Law, where he teaches on the economics of competition law (cartel theory, vertical restraints, abuse of dominance, and merger theory) in the LLM and MSc in Law and Economics. He has authored several academic publications related to algorithms and competition. Timo holds a PhD in Competition Economics from the University of Amsterdam.

Timo speaks Dutch, and English.

Tel: +31 (0) 6 2524 6183

Timo's specialisms include:

professional experience

  • Economic support in an ongoing merger of domestic appliances companies in front of the European Commission and the UK Competition and Markets Authority (2023–)

  • Economic support in an ongoing merger of life sciences companies in front of the European Commission and other authorities (2022–)

  • Economic expert support to the International Padel Federation and the Professional Padel Association in an Art. 101 and Art. 102 TFEU dispute with World Padel Tour in front of the European Commission and Spanish courts (2022–23)

  • Economic advice to RTL and Talpa in their Phase II merger investigation in the Netherlands (2021–22)

  • Economic study for major European truck manufacturers on the theories of harm around gross list price coordination and information exchange following the EU trucks case (2020–)

  • Economic study for major car manufacturers in Spain on possible theories of harm and economic expectation of harm following an Art. 101 TFEU infringement (2022)


  • Klein, T. and Neurohr, B. (2023), ‘The cost coordination theory of harm and the EU trucks case’, European Competition Journal.

  • Klein, T. and Neurohr, B. (2023), ‘Should private exchanges of list price information be presumed to be anticompetitive?’, Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade.

  • Greene Morales, E. and Klein, T. (2023), ‘Mergers: coordinated effects’, Elgar Encyclopedia on the Economics of Competition and Regulation (forthcoming).

  • Barros, L., Klein, T., Shchepetova, A. and Hogg, T. (2022), ‘The rise of dark patterns: does competition law make it any brighter?’, Competition Law Journal.

  • Dewulf, S., Klein, T., Mell, A. and Shchepetova, A. (2022), ‘EU and UK vertical merger control: what’s the state of play?’, Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, 23 October.


  • PhD Competition Economics, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

  • MPhil Economics, Tinbergen Institute, Netherlands

  • MSc Political Economy of Europe, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

  • BSc Economics and Business, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

Latest Insights:  Dr Timo Klein

9 minute read
On 21 December 2023, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) pulled the red card for sports associations arbitrarily excluding competing sports organisers in their prior approval rules, acknowledging the potential…
12 minute read
Can a dominant sports organiser demand exclusivity from athletes or clubs? The ongoing European Super League and International Skating Union cases on exclusive dealing in sports, currently in front of…
6 minute read
On 22 November 2022, the European Commission launched a public consultation on its draft revised market definition notice. Oxera’s response to the consultation praised the Commission for the improvements on…
11 minute read
The prices of many goods and services are increasing—but so are corporate profits. In the context of a recent rise in the cost of living, we dissect the alleged role…

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