Portrait of Lirio Barros

Lirio Barros : Consultant

Lirio is a Consultant in Oxera’s Competition team with a focus on the digital sector. He has experience in competition litigation (including collective actions), merger reviews, market investigations and public policy assessments. His experience includes advising a wide range of clients, from regulators to online platforms, in Brussels, the UK, the Netherlands and other jurisdictions.

Prior to joining Oxera, he completed a Master’s degree in Economics at the University of Amsterdam, focusing on industrial organisation and competition policy.

Lirio speaks English, and Dutch.

Tel: +32 (0) 2 895 90 82

Lirio's specialisms include:

professional experience

  • Examining the competitive impact of a telecoms merger in the context of a phase 2 review by the Netherlands Authority for Consumer and Markets (2023–)

  • Assessing the economic benefits of open- and closed-source AI foundation models for Meta (2023)

  • Advising Google regarding its defence against a damages claim filed in the UK by a major app developer (2023–)

  • Assisting in a collective GDPR claim in the Netherlands against a major technology company relating to a data breach (2022–23)

  • Examining the benefits of AI systems used in recruitment for LinkedIn (2022–23)

  • Assisting an international card scheme in litigation relating to interchange fee regulation in a country in Latin America (2022)


  • Barros, L., Klein, T., Shchepetova, A. and Hogg, T. (2022), ‘The rise of dark patterns: does competition law make it any brighter?’, Competition Law Journal, 21: 2, December, pp. 136–144.

  • Jevons, D., Barros, L. and Shah, K. (2022), ‘Mass claims: how to value data’, Mass Claims, 22:1, July, pp. 19–25.

  • Barros, L., Blankertz, A., Descamps, A. and Mariotto, C. (2022), ‘Privacy: a competition economics perspective’, Competition Law Journal, 21:1, April, pp. 40–50.

  • Barros, L. and Klein, T. (2021), ‘De rol van interventiedrempels en effectenanalyse in de Digital Markets Act’, Markt & Mededinging, 4–5, October, pp. 171–177.


  • MSc Economics, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands

  • BSc Economics and Business, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands