Alexander specialises in competition economics and modelling. His areas of expertise include mergers, agreements, abuse of dominance, damages and auctions. He has provided advice to clients in a broad range of industries including grocery retail, automotive, aviation, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, energy and financial services. Alexander has worked on competition matters at the EU level, and in Germany, the UK and various other EU countries. He has advised large international clients such as Mastercard, Ryanair and Nokia.
Alexander completed a secondment at the Chief Economist’s Department of the UK Financial Conduct Authority in 2014. Before joining Oxera, he completed a PhD in Economics, focusing on economic models of strategic interaction.
Selected project experience
- Advice to a financial services provider in the context of an investigation by the European Commission (2016)
- Merger advice to a third party on a case in the German transport sector (2017)
- Merger advice on two cases in the waste management sector that affected several EU markets, including Germany (2016–17)
- Estimation of cartel damages for a German car manufacturer (2016–)
- Expert advice to Mastercard in relation to several damages claims by UK and international retailers relating to interchange fees (2015–)
- Advised Mastercard with respect to the European Commission investigation into inter-regional interchange fees (2015–)
- Advice to a UK technology company in the context of a dispute relating to a potential abuse of dominance (2014–)
- Advice to a financial services provider in the context of an abuse of dominance case in Hungary (2014–15)
- Expert report for a client in the UK gas industry in relation to a potential abuse of dominance (2014–15)
- Advised Virgin Media in its complaint to Ofcom with respect to FAPL’s auction of EPL rights (2014)
- Advice to a generic pharmaceutical company with respect to an investigation by the UK Office of Fair Trading (OFT) (2013–)
- Expert report in an abuse of dominance case before the Austrian Cartel Court involving long-term ‘take-or-pay’ gas contracts (2013–15)
- Advice to a UK retail distributer in the context of a case relating to supply conditions and exclusionary behaviour (2013–15)
- Merger advice to a large international client in the mining industry (2013–14)
- Provided advice to Ryanair in relation to the European Commission inquiry into the attempted takeover of Aer Lingus (2012–13)
- Quantification of damages for two operators in the building materials industry (2012–14)
- Advice to a UK client in the financial services industry in the context of the European Commission’s proposed regulation of cross-border interchange fees (2012–13)
- Assessed the implications of alternative models of competition for a client in the UK payments industry (2012–13)
- Advised a generic pharmaceutical company with respect to an Article 101 investigation by the European Commission (2012–13)
- Provided advice to a UK retailer in the context of a proposed merger (2012)
- Advice to Ryanair in the OFT’s review of its acquisition of a minority stake in Aer Lingus (2011–13)
- Quantification of damages for Nokia Corporation regarding cartel infringements in small-screen LCDs (2011–12)
- Auction advice to an international telecommunications operator in the context of the UK 4G spectrum auction (2011–12)
- Advice to a firm in the entertainment sector during a Phase 1 merger case (2011–12)
- Advice to the Co-operative Group Limited in the context of its successful appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal on the OFT’s decision on vertical agreements in tobacco retailing (2011)
- Auction advice to a sports business in the context of an expected contractual dispute with a key supplier (2011)
- Merger advice to Thomas Cook, CGL, and Midlands Co-operative during European Commission, OFT and UK Competition Commission investigations of their proposed travel agency joint venture (2011)
- Chowdhury, A. and Gaigl, A. (2016), ‘Economics of competition law and IP law’, in G. Pitruzzella and G. Musocolo (eds), Competition and Intellectual Property Law in the Pharmaceutical Sector: An International Perspective, Kluwer Law International.
- Gaigl, A. and Kavanagh, J. (2014), ‘Minority shareholdings in merger control’, Competition Law Journal, 13:4, pp. 377–84.
- Chowdhury, A. and Gaigl, A. (2014), ‘An effects-based approach to reverse payment settlements’, Competition Law Journal, 13:3, pp. 307–16.
- PhD Economics, University of Mannheim, Germany
- Diplom (MSc equivalent) Economics, Business and Engineering, University of Karlsruhe, Germany