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Oxera’s assessment of the economic contribution of the rail industry in Scotland

Our analysis considers how the rail sector affects the Scottish economy from the following perspectives:


  • the employment, tax, investment and GVA that it generates (its ‘economic footprint’);
  • the benefits to passenger and freight users from its products and services (the ‘user benefits’);
  • its long-term effects on the wider economy—i.e. the benefits outside the rail sector (the ‘wider economic impacts’);
  • its environmental and social impacts.

Oxera estimates £1bn in user benefits and £331m in wider economic benefits in the context of net government funding to the Scottish rail sector of £716m in 2013/14.[1]

[1] Office of Rail and Road (2015), ‘GB rail industry financial information 2013-14’, February.

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