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Depiction of Causality and natural experiments: the 2021 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences
8 minute read

Causality and natural experiments: the 2021 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2021 to three economists—Joshua Angrist, David Card, and Guido Imbens. Their contributions to the economics literature shaped economists’ understanding of when causal relationships can be established, especially using non-experimental data, and what kinds of methods and assumptions allow us to uncover the true causal effect of one variable on another. Today, businesses, courts and policymakers rely on causal empirical evidence to make their decisions. Read More

Depiction of Bits of advice: the true colours of dark patterns
13 minute read

Bits of advice: the true colours of dark patterns

Dark patterns are deceptive online interface designs that are used to trick people into making decisions that are in the interests of the online business, but at the expense of the user. In this second article of our ‘bits of advice’ series on digital regulation, we dive into the economics behind dark patterns: what are they; what can economics teach us about how they work; how is digitalisation changing their costs and benefits in the eyes of businesses; and how can competition and consumer protection authorities respond? Read More

How can IPOs be facilitated for start-ups in Germany?

Oxera, in collaboration with Professor Christoph Kaserer, recently prepared a study for the German ministry of economics and energy (BMWi) on the topic ‘How can IPOs be facilitated for start-ups in Germany? International comparison and recommendations for action’. In this study, the team led by Alexander Gaigl produced insights on capital markets, stock markets and initial public offerings… Read More

Image depicting How can IPOs be facilitated for start-ups in Germany?

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