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Android in Europe: benefits to consumers and businesses

Smartphones have become central to our digital lives. We use them to connect with our friends and family, and to access information, entertainment and markets. With competition enforcers increasingly intervening in digital markets and regulatory authorities examining many of the issues that can arise in these markets, it is vital to understand how the smartphone

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Data in digital markets

Data is everywhere in the online world, be it as a means of exchange for services, an input for customisation or machine learning, or as variables that feed into matching algorithms. Data has gained increasing attention from academics and policymakers. Instances of data misuse—such as the Cambridge Analytica case in early 2018—brought to the public’s

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Market power in digital platforms

The influence of digital platforms has expanded significantly over the past decade. Some of today’s largest companies and best-known brands did not even exist 20 years ago. The innovative products, services and commercial opportunities that these digital power houses provide have become central to many aspects of modern-day life. While this might lead authorities to

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Algorithmic competition

The digital revolution has led to a significant growth in companies’ ability to capture, store and analyse data about their customers, competitors and the wider world. Increasingly, companies are using this information to develop algorithms that set prices for them. But how might the automation of pricing through algorithms affect competitive outcomes in markets, and

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Tackling air pollution and congestion in London

In March 2018, the Mayor of London set out the transport challenges for London as including congestion and air pollution, alongside road safety and a lack of physical activity among Londoners. To support the objectives of reducing congestion and improving air quality, Transport for London is consulting on two changes to transport policy in London.

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New rail treaty will save ‘1520 states’ €14bn

Oxera today unveiled a study for the Rail Working Group that assesses the direct microeconomic benefits from the Luxembourg Rail Protocol, which will save €13.9bn for nine Commonwealth of Independent States using the 1520 gauge. The Protocol, which is expected to come into force in 2019, is a new global treaty that will make it much easier and cheaper to finance railway rolling stock.

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