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Impact assessment of the CMA’s options for increasing on-rail competition

Oxera, together with Arup, has prepared an assessment for the Office of Rail and Road (ORR) of the expected impact of four options proposed by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) for increasing on-rail competition between passenger services in Great Britain:

  • Option 1: increasing the role of open access operators (OAO), alongside franchises;

  • Option 2: having two competing franchise operators in each franchise area;

  • Option 3: having more overlapping franchises, such that there is more scope for on-rail competition between franchises;

  • Option 4: licensing multiple operators on each route.


Oxera identifies economic welfare improvement of £11m from activities of a visiting and befriending charity

The St Vincent de Paul Society approached Oxera through Pro Bono Economics to assist it in understanding the economic effects of the SVP’s activities, which include voluntary services such as visiting and befriending.


A review of the Jersey regulatory and competition framework

Conducting competition and regulatory policy well is hard, but the economic benefits can be substantial. In small-island economies, such as Jersey, competition policy, and regulation where competition is not possible, faces particular challenges. However, it is just as important that markets work well as it is in larger economies.

The States of Jersey set up the Jersey Competition and Regulatory Authority (JCRA) as a regulatory body in 2001 and as a general competition authority in 2005. The Government of Jersey commissioned Oxera to review the JCRA and the regulatory and competition framework applied in Jersey. 


What are the benefits of online platforms?

There has been increasing political and regulatory interest in the role of platforms in Europe’s digital economy. In May 2015 the European Commission published its strategy to develop a Digital Single Market for Europe. As part of its strategy, the Commission has committed to analyse the role of online platforms. In this context, Google asked Oxera to consider how online platforms could be defined, and to assess how both consumers and businesses interact with, and benefit from, online platforms.

This report contributes to this debate by answering two key questions: 
what is the definition of an online platform? 
what value do online platforms provide to European consumers and businesses? 


Gatwick expansion best for economy as Airports Commission’s mistakes are exposed

  • Reports by Deloitte and Oxera identify serious concerns with economic analysis in the Airports Commission report
  • Adjusting Airports Commission analysis using accepted Government methodology overturns conclusion that Heathrow expansion generates greater net value for the UK
  • Gatwick generates best return for UK, Heathrow net value to the UK halved 
The economic benefit (net present value) generated by Heathrow expansion would more than halve if the direct benefits enjoyed by international transfer passengers who never set foot in the UK - or generate a penny for the economy - are removed from the calculations, according to separate reports commissioned by Gatwick Airport from Deloitte and Oxera. 


Peer review of First Interim Evaluation of High Speed 1

The Department for Transport (DfT) commissioned Oxera Partner, Andrew Meaney [1], to carry out a peer review of the First Interim Evaluation of High Speed 1 (HS1) report prepared by Atkins, AECOM and Frontier Economics  [2]. The scope of his review focused on the approach and methodology described in the report and Appendices. It did not include a detailed audit of the models or other spreadsheets underlying the report.


What is the contribution of rail to the UK economy?

The rail sector plays an important role in providing employment across Great Britain, both directly in the industry (through employment by TOCs, FOCs and Network Rail) and indirectly through the supply chain. In addition, as a key component of the transport infrastructure in Great Britain, the rail sector provides significant economic benefits by enabling other sectors of the economy to be more productive.


On behalf of the DfT, Oxera examines the international competitiveness of the UK maritime sector

The UK maritime sector—how does it compare internationally?

The UK ports sector is one of the largest in Europe, handling 500m tonnes of freight per year and 28m passenger movements. There is potential scope for competition between ports in Northern Europe for the transhipment of containerised cargos serving hinterland markets. The presence of ports more generally may indirectly contribute to other parts of the maritime industry, such as maritime education, since maritime colleges are often located near ports.


Oxera advises The New Zealand Commerce Commission on cost of capital

The New Zealand Commerce Commission has asked Oxera to advise on one aspect of its approach to estimating the cost of capital in the context of the pricing reviews for unbundled copper local loop and unbundled bitstream access services.


Oxera advises on access pricing options for the water sector

Severn Trent Water has commissioned Oxera to discuss possible options for access pricing and the future treatment of the regulatory capital value in the water sector. 

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